Problems in World Agriculture

Problems in World AgricultureProblems in World Agriculture

The major challenges for agriculture and the environment are protecting biodiversity, mitigating climate change, and shifting the global use of bioenergy

Promote the coordination of animal husbandry and the environment The environmental impact of animal husbandry will “seriously deteriorate” if no major remedial measures are taken

Rapid development of agribusinesses Deep changes in agri-food systems have huge impact on growth, poverty and food security

Tackling water shortages Agriculture has been very successful in accessing the world’s vast freshwater resources, but this is not illustrative

Brazilian technology for conservation agriculture in Africa aims to optimize the use of farm labor and help reduce widespread land degradation

School children and street food In Tanzania, fast food and meals sold to children can serve as a “partial solution” to the alarming level of micronutrient deficiency …
Coconut bottle bottling method A simple refrigeration method can keep bottled coconut juice fresh for up to three weeks

The impact of livestock on the environment The challenge is to coordinate two competing needs: the need for animal food and the need for environmental services …
Buried Treasure: Potato This often overlooked, cold-tolerant tuber crop from the Andes has the characteristics of fast growth, strong adaptability, high yield and low investment …
Starch market adds value to cassava. Cassava producing countries should convert more of this relatively low cost raw material into high value starch for domestic and international markets.

Livestock biodiversity Sustainable management and genetic improvement of local breeds are essential if countries are to meet their future food needs and respond to changing production environments
Safer coffee A project implemented by FAO has established good hygiene practices for coffee producers to reduce the contamination of raw coffee beans by a powerful mycotoxin …
More fruits and vegetables A new initiative seeks to promote the production, supply and consumption of fruits and vegetables worldwide

A global plant breeding program “If plant breeding programs in developing countries do not take full advantage of the genetic diversity of crops, all current conservation work on them will be meaningless …”
The arsenic threat facing Bangladesh There is growing evidence that high levels of arsenic in crop production water can degrade soils, reduce yields-and transfer them to food …

Global pest controlWith the dramatic increase in global population and commodity flows, natural and national borders that were once effective barriers to prevent the spread of alien pests are now under tremendous pressure
Challenges facing agriculture in the Near East In an area where water charges have been blamed by many, irrigated agriculture is under increasing pressure to “cost-recover” and alien pests threaten major crops
Sustainable grazing systems In Latin America, even small payments for “environmental services” encourage livestock owners to adopt forest grazing systems that increase yields, reduce costs and alleviate the destructive pressure on local forests

The value of water Assessing the value of water purely from an economic perspective often overlooks two important elements: environmental values, such as the role of water flows in maintaining the integrity of ecosystems, and social values, such as using water to grow food

Conservation agriculture Farmers like conservation agriculture because it provides them with the means to conserve, improve and use their natural resources more efficiently

Food security in Ethiopia In two of the poorest rural areas in the country, North Shao and South Tigray, an FAO project recently concluded that has made important progress in improving the health and nutrition of about 26,000 people

Fighting hunger and obesity An increasing number of developing countries are facing the “double burden” of malnutrition: chronic undernutrition, especially among children, and a rapid increase in overweight, obesity and chronic diseases related to diet …
New model: quality FAO’s Ministry of Agriculture entered 2006 with a new look, with a new and broader function and a newly established department, the Nutrition and Consumer Protection Division
Protecting Pollinators For a long time, farmers viewed pollination as one of many “free services” provided by nature. But there is growing evidence that pollinators, which are critical to food production and farmers’ lives, are decreasing globally

The future of rice Urbanization, reduced natural resources, climate change, and instability in domestic support and trade pose new challenges for rice producers
Stopping bird flu The H5N1 virus has caused severe damage to poultry farming in Asia, but has not yet become a virus that can be transmitted between humans. The “window of opportunity” to control and eradicate the disease is still open …

Science and Global Livestock Production A series of “new” issues facing scientists has social implications-such as the impact of livestock on the environment or the use of biotechnology, which is often hotly debated
Agricultural water use With the rapid population growth, the use of water resources in cities has increased, so agriculture must significantly improve its water use efficiency and productivity
Finance serves the rural poor The future of rural poverty alleviation is investment in all aspects of rural development, not just agriculture

Regional integrated pest management methods Although regional integrated pest management methods are complex in logistics and intensive in management, they require few inputs and are often more effective and sustainable
Farmers and Supermarkets in Asia As supermarkets pay more attention to safety and quality, as with current concerns about costs, they may further reduce farmers’ profits
Globalization and livestock Although market integration can increase domestic income and improve nutrition, it also “globalizes” potential threats to livelihoods, human health and the environment …
Securing the food chain FAO is developing a comprehensive strategy to help countries ensure “a safe and nutritious food supply …”

Good Agricultural Practices and Sustainable Agriculture and Rural Development FAO’s Sustainable Agriculture and Rural Development Programme is addressing new challenges and development goals …
After the tsunami “Reconstruction of agriculture will be a difficult task-what we are talking about here is the destruction of thousands of kilometers of coastline and hundreds of small islands.”
Avian influenza in Asia Highly pathogenic avian influenza is a major transboundary epidemic with widespread economic, trade and social impacts

Water, Food, and Ecosystems in Africa Adopting an ecosystem approach to developing agriculture means focusing on optimization within the ecological environment, that is, sub-systems of agriculture as part of a wider ecosystem.

40th Anniversary of the Joint FAO / IAEA Division Better cooperation, less duplication of work and a common approach to building a peaceful and prosperous world. Member governments have made it clear that this is exactly what they expect of the agencies of the United Nations system
“Agriculture and development policy coherence” regards the Millennium Development Goals as a stepping stone. Policy coherence should promote consistency across all development goals, not just trade and agriculture. The question is whether we can go beyond the myth of policy coherence. And take realistic steps to achieve the MDGs in a coherent way? ”

Fertilizers and the future Fertilization currently provides 43% of global crop production’s annual nutrient intake, and may reach as high as 84% ​​in future years
New social contracts on biotechnology “Molecular divide” between developed and developing countries may exacerbate existing injustices

Water management: Towards the goal of 2030 Agricultural policy must unlock the potential of water management practices to increase productivity, promote equitable access to water resources, and conserve the resource base
Improving water productivity This option includes germplasm improvement, aerobic rice, water harvesting and “virtual water” trade
Improve irrigation technology. Cheap innovations adapted to local conditions mean easy adoption by resource-poor farmers.

Modern irrigation management. Irrigation institutions need to improve their economic and environmental efficiency
Eliminate rinderpest By 2010, this catastrophic cattle infectious disease may become the second disease to be eliminated after smallpox in history
Shaping the future of agriculture “In these times, we must look for opportunities, and rebuilding agriculture with common interests provides just such an opportunity …”

Genetics and Animal Disease Management Because veterinary medicines are difficult to work with in the face of an increasing number of viral pathogens, FAO intends to strengthen animal health strategies through breeding …
Agricultural heritage systems After millions of years of development, they are rich accumulated knowledge and biodiversity that need to be preserved and can be developed …
Saving the Aral Sea The destruction of the Lake of Central Asia is an example of non-sustainable development
Water: precious and limited resources improving agricultural technology and increasing water efficiency are key to supporting the growing population

“Special rice” can make a lot of money Although a lot of research has been done on ordinary high-yielding rice varieties, special varieties have been given less attention, even if the prices of these varieties are higher.
New animal disease global warning system will help control current epidemic emergencies
Caribbean tick control An FAO tropical flower tick eradication programme is helping to restore livestock, reduce beef imports and strengthen food security.

Extremely hazardous pesticide warning system Rotterdam Convention aims to promote shared responsibility among countries that import and export toxic agrochemicals
World trade in livestock products Trade liberalization will benefit not only consumers in economically protected countries but also “efficient producers worldwide”
Irrigation in the Near East The Near East accounts for less than 2% of the world’s freshwater supply, and its food security depends on “getting more harvest for every drop of water”
Sweet sorghum in China: In areas affected by drought and saline soils, sweet sorghum “camels in crops” may become the key to sustainable agricultural development.
Poultry According to recent estimates, backyard and stocked poultry provide 70% of total egg and poultry meat production in LIFDCs.
Living modified organisms, exotic species and “safe trade” The International Plant Protection Convention has a history of 50 years, adapting to the new challenges of the era of globalization
Oil palm in western Kenya: A new hybrid tree will help reduce the country’s edible oil shortage and provide farmers with a much-needed extra source of income.
Opening the Biotechnology Toolbox If biotechnology, including GMO organisms, is to meet its expectations of reducing hunger and poverty in the developing world, it must target the crops and the characteristics needed by the poor.

A treaty on agricultural biodiversity A historic agreement is an international legally binding commitment to improve the world’s major food and feed crops
Agriculture after September 11 In a world affected by terrorism and war, does it make sense to talk about agriculture, poverty, and hunger?

Animal anthracnose Anthracnose in humans has become a “occupational disease” because of its fatal pulmonary anthrax. The English name is “hair disease”. This hair disease is infected by spores in wool.
Genetically Modified Crops Although genetic modification has increased yields in some crops, evidence indicates that the technology has so far addressed too few challenges and too few crops that are important for production systems in developing countries.

About camels and llamas The two most versatile livestock are also distant cousins ​​…
Agribusinesses and small farmers Well-managed contract agriculture can both increase producers’ income and bring high profits to investors, and reduce risks and unreliable factors on both sides
Global farming system FAO’s new “Agricultural Atlas” will help the World Bank invest in targeted hunger and rural poverty
Protective agriculture in Brazil Land preparation measures according to the European model have proven to be unsustainable in the subtropical Santa Catarina
“Market prices today …” The biggest problem facing agricultural market information services is passing their information to farmers. Local FM radio may be one of the solutions
The role of agriculture in climate changeThe Kyoto Protocol provides impetus for progress in the sustainability of agricultural and forestry production systems

Updating the concept of sustainable agriculture and rural development To make further progress in agriculture and rural development, the fundamental focus should be shifted to poverty eradication and social exclusion
Challenges after the Rio Conference FAO proposes that new technologies and economic globalization have profound, sometimes negative, effects on sustainable agriculture, land use and fragile ecosystems
No-till: Less Tilling, More Harvesting By reducing land preparation time, protective agricultural technologies help South Asian wheat farmers increase productivity and conserve their natural resources
Endangered livestock diversity A new report by FAO and the United Nations Environment Programme warns that 1,350 mammal and bird species are at risk of extinction
Crop science and ethics In order to continue contributing to human development, crop scientists must regain trust and accept the public
New breeds of livestock feed FAO experts tap into untapped potential of mulberry and cactus
New cassava strategy aims to stimulate rural industry development and increase incomes of producers, processors and traders

Water-efficient budgeting FAO expects that, by 2030, only a little over 12% of water will be used in developing countries to significantly increase food production
Urban food markets Food supply in cities requires coordinated action among city authorities, food producers, transporters, sales operators, and countless retailers

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