On January 9, the annual Tsinghua-Sannong Forum 2016 was held at Tsinghua University. Domestic agricultural experts and scholars and entrepreneurs gathered to discuss China’s rural reform and development in the context of building a well-off society in an all-round way, and how to implement the new development concept of “innovation, coordination, greenness, openness, and sharing” to accelerate agricultural modernization, New ideas and countermeasures for promoting a well-off society in rural areas. Participating experts believe that China’s agriculture and rural areas currently face three major problems.
The price formation mechanism and the storage and storage system of agricultural products are urgent tasks
Chen Xiwen, deputy leader of the Central Leading Group for Rural Work, director of the office, and dean of the China Rural Research Institute of Tsinghua University, believes that China’s agriculture and rural areas currently face three major problems: First, the agricultural subsidy collection and storage system for grain and other important agricultural products needs to be improved; It is the challenges and pressures for farmers to increase their income. Third, the poverty alleviation work has reached the tackling stage, and there is still a long way to go to ensure that the country’s tackling poverty alleviation goals in 2020 is a long way to go. “At present, there is a large gap between domestic and foreign food prices, and the lack of agricultural competitiveness is one aspect, but the more important reason is the sharp drop in international food prices, the appreciation of the RMB and the decline in global energy prices. The new round of food prices The formation of subsidies for grain farmers and the reform of the grain collection and storage system must simultaneously meet the four goals of restraining arbitrary growth of corn substitute imports, no longer increasing inventories, activating various market players, and not letting farmers lose money. “Chen Xiwen said.
Du Ying, deputy director of the Ethnic and Religious Committee of the CPPCC National Committee and counselor of the State Council, believes that the price of agricultural products is the core of the “three rural issues”, and reform and improvement of the agricultural product price formation mechanism and the storage and storage system are urgent tasks for rural reform. Corn, as China’s largest purchased grain variety, faces the problems of severe inventory backlogs, bleak operation of processing enterprises, widening domestic and international spreads, and low temporary auction corn purchase and storage transaction rates. It is necessary to further reduce the temporary corn purchase and storage price, and meanwhile Give subsidies. Du Ying emphasized that there are two benchmarks for lowering the temporary corn collection and storage prices. One is that the price should be as close to the market as possible after the reduction; the other is to subsidize farmers. At the same time, we must carry out supporting reforms in three aspects: unloading the warehouse as soon as possible, controlling imports, and adjusting the planting structure in the east.
Challenges and pressures for increasing farmers’ income
“The second problem currently facing China ’s agriculture and rural areas is that farmers’ incomes are facing greater challenges and pressures, mainly because the prices of agricultural products have mostly fallen, and it is difficult to increase agricultural production and increase farmers ’income from agriculture. At the same time, the structure of the construction industry and manufacturing industry Changes are also taking place, and the migrant labor force is decreasing. “Chen Xiwen believes that in the face of these challenges and pressures, it is necessary to promote land share cooperation and land custody, build high-standard farmland, promote the integration of rural primary, secondary, and tertiary industries and develop rural areas. Tourism, the development of rural e-commerce and other means lengthen the agricultural industry chain and agricultural product supply chain.
Zhou Qiren, a professor at the National Development Research Institute of Peking University, conducted research in Songyang and Lishui in Zhejiang, and Luan and Chongzhou in Sichuan, and found that discussing agriculture, rural areas, and farmers cannot discuss agriculture, agriculture, and rural areas, but urban and rural areas as a whole. Only along this line of thinking will it be possible for farmers to increase their income.
“The city is the engine. The accumulation of capital, knowledge and talents all takes place in the city. It is difficult to build a modern countryside only by the production, accumulation and savings of the endogenous forces in the countryside. To solve the problem of agriculture, rural areas and farmers, we must study how to borrow from the city. The first way is to make the best use of the city ’s consumer power and the city ’s purchasing power. The development of rural tourism and the development of rural e-commerce are concrete manifestations of this approach. Second, it is necessary to make good use of the city ’s intelligence and actively absorb all kinds of talents. Resources serve the rural areas. Third, we must make use of the city’s land power and share the rising rents brought about by urban development. “Zhou Qiren said.
Promote the integration and development of rural industries
In promoting the integrated development of rural primary, secondary, and tertiary industries, Wu Xiao, director of the Rural Economics Department of the National Development and Reform Commission, stated that it is necessary to strengthen agriculture and benefit farmers with structural reforms. The focus is to form a modern industrial system where agriculture is integrated with the secondary and tertiary industries.
“Promoting the integration of rural primary, secondary, and tertiary industries is an important measure to accelerate the transformation of agricultural development methods and broaden the channels for increasing farmers’ income. It is also an effective way to promote the integration of agricultural modernization with new urbanization and accelerate the integration of urban and rural development.” Wu Xiao Emphasizing, “Promoting the integration and development of rural industries is an inevitable requirement for exploring the road to agricultural modernization with Chinese characteristics.”
The integration of rural primary, secondary, and tertiary industries should be market-oriented, with the perfection of the mechanism for connecting farmers’ interests as the core, with system, technology, and business model innovation as the driving force, relying on new-type urbanization to extend the agricultural industrial chain and expand agricultural industries. This function fosters new rural business formats, promotes agriculture to form a modern industrial system that integrates agriculture with secondary and tertiary industries, a mechanism for benefiting farmers and farmers, and a new rural development pattern of urban-rural integration.
Yang Xiaoping, deputy dean of the China Rural Research Institute of Tsinghua University, thinks that the problem of increasing farmers ‘income is to firmly hold the rice bowl in their own hands to realize the increase of farmers’ income and the realization of the Chinese dream. The way out is to improve agricultural competitiveness and improve competitiveness. Technological progress and system innovation rely on the two. They are mutually reinforcing and indispensable. “Technological advancement enhances the competitiveness of the industry. The most difficult thing is also agriculture, and the shortboard is also agriculture. In the era of agricultural development from subsistence agriculture to commercial agriculture, the scale of technology must be protected by a moderate organization scale.
Liu Shiyu, Secretary of the Party Committee and Chairman of the Agricultural Bank of China, pointed out that after the Fifth Plenary Session of the 18th Central Committee, rural finance is facing a very good opportunity. Leading role in agricultural modernization. At present, the policy system of domestic rural finance needs to be improved, and the breadth and depth of agricultural insurance still has a lot of room for development. Agricultural Bank of China will take feasible measures to support leading agricultural enterprises, support rural land reform, rural production and operation, rural financial leasing, rural inclusive finance and Internet finance, and serve the national rural reform and development strategy.